In recent reporting for Indian Country Today, Mary Annette Pember tells the story of these tiny handcuffs, which have only lately been brought out of storage at the Haskell Indian Nations University‘s Cultural Center and Museum in Lawrence, Kan.
In the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th, Native American children often attended government-run boarding schools where the objective was assimilation. Army officer Richard Pratt, who founded one such school in Pennsylvania, famously said that his mission was to “kill the Indian … and save the man.”
Let all that is Asperger in you die!
From: yourlittleprofessor.com A site that peddles summer camp for Asperger kids
Bright Lights, Loud Noises
People with Asperger Syndrome often have to deal with extreme sensitivities to everyday sights, sounds, smells and touch. This sensitivity is not one of their “official symptoms” as described in the Physician’s Desk Reference doctors use for diagnoses. However, there are thousands of parent and therapist’s anecdotes about this condition. (Common error – one cannot turn anecdotes into fact by adding more anecdotes.) Some experts (those phantom experts again!) believe that while sensitivity may cause Aspies to tantrum and “act out” in the first place, after a while such behaviors become learned. Aspies hold on to them because of the rigidity of their personalities. (Of course! Meltdowns are SO MUCH FUN that we “throw tantrums” just for fun.)Nevertheless, certain studies indicate that between 42% and 88% (meaningless use of imaginary statistics – which have spread like plague in the U.S.) of people with Asperger Syndrome do experience such sensitivities.
Who knows? We’re all just guessing what goes on inside these strange kids.
Hearing problems are the most common. (Do we know this? No. A sensory problem may be due to different processing of information by the brain.) Some Aspies seem to hear sounds others do not. They can be driven to distraction by noises everyone else filters out, such as the buzz of fluorescent lights or the brush of corduroy against a desk. The inability to filter out background noises makes it hard for many Aspies to follow conversations or listen to their teachers’ directions. Some sounds seem actually painful to Aspies. (Subjecting detainees to intense and harmful sound is used in the “torture” community) For example, a small child may scream at the sound of the vacuum cleaner (so do cats and dogs); a teen covers his ears at the sound of a police siren. One little boy was so scared of the fire drill siren he sat in fear that it would go off. His mother had to home school him during Fire Safety Month. Auditory sensitivity makes it hard for parents to take their Aspies to noisy places like video arcades or restaurants with singing waiters, etc. (We can see from this list of trivial complaints the enormous emphasis neurotypicals place on social obedience. If it’s a severe inconvenience to avoid a restaurant that has singing waiters, you probably don’t care much about your child.)
Taste and Smell: Many experts conclude that Aspies rely more on their senses of smell and taste than sight and hearing. (Actually, many Aspies are visual thinkers.)They have strong memories of smells; for example, they may be able to recognize people by their unique body odors. Certain smells like food, cleaning fluids, perfumes, shampoos and lotions can make them nauseous. This makes it hard for them to handle routine places like the school cafeteria or shopping mall cosmetic counters. (Asperger and other children may simply react to environmental pollutants and toxins – like canaries in a coal mine – sensitive to chemical compounds that are harmful to all humans. Again, if you think that toxic environments are GOOD FOR children, you don’t care about children!)
An Aspie’s acute sense of smell and taste may also create eating problems. She may limit herself to certain foods, eat one food at a time, not allow foods to touch on her plate, and so forth. Many Aspies vomit easily. Everyday substances like toothpaste can make them sick to their stomachs. (Again, the rigid requirement that there is only one way to eat – typical cultural narcissism. The incredible generalization from “one child’s” behavior to many or most is ridiculous – but that’s what bigots do.)
Touch: Aspies may be overly or under-sensitive to touch. (In all the articles I have read that insist on this “over” and “under” sensitivity, none have presented, or referred to, a scale that defines and describes “normal” sensitivity. (In fact, this utter lack of objective criteria is characteristic of Asperger research and publications.) If overly sensitive, he may find tags on clothing very irritating. He may only wear certain fabrics or clothes that are old and soft from washings. He may refuse to work with certain textures like glue. He screams in the shower because he cannot stand the feel of water on his skin. One Aspie would hit anyone who touched him: a fact that his little brother manipulated to get him in trouble all the time. (Gee; I wonder – does this child hit when “touched” because his parents allow his brother to bully him, and do nothing about it, and indeed, blame him? There is nothing to confirm that these behaviors are common to / restricted to Asperger children – one would have to prove that NO NORMAL CHILD displays these behaviors.)
Hyposensitivity can cause Aspies not to feel or report pain. They may not react to temperatures. One Aspie did not respond whenever his teacher tapped him to get his attention. (Anecdotes – Please stop. The very real impact of these “trivia” anecdotes is that a parent who reads this endless garbage will suddenly “discover” that behavior in his or her child, and be convinced that he/she is defective!)
Visual problems are less common. Perhaps only one in five persons with Asperger Syndrome has them. However, some Aspies get upset by certain pictures, colors or bright lights. Some experience colors as sounds. They often stand too close to others or stare at them inappropriately. They can search for an object and not notice that it is right in front of them. The majority of Aspies have problems making eye contact with other people. (Random anecdotes and myth after myth are repeated without question. Neurotypicals are narrow-minded narcissists. Can you imagine substituting “black children, or Hispanic children” in this litany of complaints?)
Proprioceptive and Vestibular disorders: These are about orienting yourself in space, keeping your body in balance and maintaining good posture and movement. In normal people, a complex network of nerves works together with the senses naturally. You can sit down without looking at your chair. You know where your feet are. You know how to straighten your shirt without looking into a mirror. Aspies have problems with such abilities that operate on the unconscious level for normal people. This makes simple activities such as climbing stairs feats that must be learned. (This is outrageous ignorance: ALL HUMAN infants and children must learn to chew, stand up, walk, climb stairs and control their bowels/urination etc. Also, to learn language and to THINK, which many modern social humans never accomplish) Activities that involve complex movements, changes in speed and hand-eye coordination such as handwriting or playing baseball become nightmares for many Aspies. (Again, this implies that all neurotypical children are automatically capable of every “approved and prescribed” human activity, which is untrue.)
Unfortunately, one can hear the echoes of “complaints” about Native American children, who were kidnapped and imprisoned in missionary schools, in order to be “made normal” by human-hating Christian tyrants.
Think this “child abuse” is long gone?