Psychologism. The Haunting Fear that somewhere someone may exhibit behavior that hasn’t yet been labeled pathological.
APA Psych Net, 2016
Psychological (“mental”) health can be defined as the presence of healthy reactions or the absence of pathological reactions. But since there is no general agreement about a positive definition of psychological health, a negative one is more widely used. (The human behavior experts are unable to describe a healthy human!)
Behavior pathology exists when an individual’s reactions are disordered. This means one or both of two things: the reactions are not justified by the external situation or they are ineffective in achieving desired results. There are three major categories of behavior disorders: neurosis, psychosis, and character disorders. A neurotic is a person who admits to being unhappy, behaves irrationally, and exhibits certain symptoms (tension, phobia, compulsion). The psychoses represent the most extreme forms of pathological reactions. Psychotics have poor contact with reality, behave peculiarly, are a danger to themselves or others, and are often unable to care for themselves. Persons suffering from character disorders behave, with little evidence of anxiety, in an immature, self-centered manner oblivious to the needs of others and society. (All three describe typical American types!)
There are two major classes of psychological therapies, psychotherapy and somatotherapy. Psychotherapists attempt to modify their patients’ behavior by communication. Somatotherapists use physiological methods to bring about changes in behavior. The most commonly practiced forms of psychotherapy are psychoanalysis, client-centered therapy, group psychotherapy, and general psychotherapy. The main forms of somatotherapies are shock therapy and chemotherapy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
Psychology has taken over “the job” of dictating not only human behavior, but claims the authority to describe the very values of what it means to be human, and provides insidious methods of controlling social existence – reaching it’s tentacles into traditional religious and governmental domains: social, educational, and foreign policy activity. The development and rationalization of an inhumane prison system, military aggression and torture are but two examples of psychology’s triumphs over individual choice. Its bogus theories continue influence and spread into every aspect of personal and public life. And yet, these self-designated experts in human behavior cannot evaluate and predict which individuals are a danger to themselves and the public – the inability to identify potential school shooters and other mass murderers is a proven record of miserable fraud and failure of the application of psychological theories to actual human behavior.
Encyclopedia Britannica / Philosophy: Psychologism, in philosophy, the view that problems of epistemology (i.e., of the validity of human knowledge) can be solved satisfactorily by the psychological study of the development of mental processes. John Locke’s Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690) may be regarded as the classic of psychologism in this sense. A more moderate form of psychologism maintains that psychology should be made the basis of other studies, especially of logic. A classical attack on both forms of psychologism was Edmund Husserl’s Logische Untersuchungen (1900–01; “Logical Investigations”).
Psychologism, however, continued to find adherents. Early in the 20th century, James Ward developed a genetic psychology that he considered essential to any adequate epistemology; Brand Blanshard’s monumental The Nature of Thought, 2 vol. (1939), insisted that epistemological studies must be rooted in psychological investigation; (modern psychology has insinuated its opinions into practical epistemology: a dangerous claim that psychological “theory” explains “everything human” Try to think of a category of human thought, behavior and knowledge that hasn’t been psychologized) and Jean Piaget conducted considerable psychological research on the genesis of thought in children, accepted by some philosophers as a contribution to epistemology. Similarly, empirical studies of innateness (via the “visual cliff,” in which an infant placed at the edge of a glassed-over “cliff ” shows behaviour suggestive of innate depth perception) continue to be seen as epistemologically significant.