The Golden Rule is the ancient basis for all morality, but why do we not find it put into social practice, except for the occasional exception in human history? The reason is simple and structural: The Golden Rule can never be the foundation for conduct in a social hierarchy, because the Golden Rule requires recognition of human equality. The pyramid structure of a hierarchical system requires division of human value into unequal classes. To claim that morality can exist in the context of the social hierarchy is by default untrue.
The Ancient Egyptian concept of Maat appears in the story of The Eloquent Peasant, which dates to the Middle Kingdom (c. 2040–1650 BCE): “Now this is the command: Do to the doer to cause that he do thus to you.” An example from a Late Period (c. 664 BCE – 323 BCE) papyrus: “That which you hate to be done to you, do not do to another.”
The Golden Rule can also be seen as expressed by Homer in the Odyssey: “I will be as careful for you as I should be for myself in the same need” (Book 5 Verses 184-191).
Treat not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful.” Udana-Varga, 5:18 (Bhuddism)
“Wish not for others what ye wish not for yourselves” Kitab-I-Aqdas (Baha’i)
“In five ways should a clansman minister to his friends and familiars, by treating them as he treats himself.”Sigalovada Sutta v.31 (Buddhist)
“Do not do to others what you would not like yourself. Then there will be no resentment against you, either in the family or in the state.” Analects 12:2 (Confucian)
“One word which sums up the basis for all good conduct…loving kindness. Do not do unto others what you would not want done to yourself.” Analects of Confucius 15:23
“We should behave to friends as we would wish friends to behave to us.” Aristotle (Ancient Greek philosopher)
“Do not do to others that which would anger you if others did it to you.”Socrates (Ancient Greek philosopher)
“One should not behave towards others in a way which is disagreeable to oneself. This is the essence of morality. All other activities are due to selfish desire.” Mahabharata, Anusasana Parva 113.8 (Hinduism)
“Not one of you truly believes until you wish for others that which you wish for yourself.” The Prophet Mohammed Hadith (Islam)
“A Man should wander about treating all creatures as he himself would be treated.”Agamas Sutrakritanga 1.11.33 (Jainism)
“All things are our relatives; what we do to everything, we do to ourselves. All is really one.” Black Elk (Native American)
“The heart of the person before you is a mirror. See there your own form.” (Shinto)